In industrial production, especially products that can be used outdoors such as electronic appliances, there will be different levels of dust proof and waterproof requirements for equipment. The protection level (IP code/dust proof and waterproof) of automation instrument equipment is an important indicator to ensure the normal operation of equipment and ensure product safety and reliability. Then, when selecting and using instrument, we should pay special attention to the protection level of instrumentation, which is of great significance for correct product selection and product installation and use. Below, I will introduce the relevant knowledge of IP water ingress protection level for you in detail.
Learn Something About IP Ingress Protection Ratings
IP (international protection) level and waterproof test standard is an international protection and waterproof test standard drafted by the IEC(international electrotechnical commission).
International Electrotechnical Commission standards IEC 60529–60598
Currently LIB test chambers can perform all these tests.
Its protection level is composed of two numbers. The first number indicates the level of electrical appliances from dust, to prevent the invasion of foreign objects. The second number indicates the degree of tightness of electrical appliances against moisture and waterproof intrusion. The larger number indicates that its protection level is higher.
|IP Testing Required for IEC 60529 Rating|
|Dust (First Number)||Moisture (Second Number)|
|IP Ox - No Protection||IP x0 - No Protection|
|IP 1x - Objects > 50mm||IP x1 - Protected Against Vertically Dripping water|
|IP 2x - Objects > 12mm||IP x2 - Protected Against Dripping water (15°tilted)|
|IP 3x - Objects > 2.5mm||IP x3 - Protected Against Sprayed water|
|IP 4x - Objects > 1mm||IP x4 - Protected Against Splashed water|
|IP 5x - Dust Protected (Vacuum)||IP x5 - Protected Against water jets|
|IP 5x - Dust Protected (Non-Vacuum)||IP x6 - Protected Against Powerful water Jets|
|IP 6x - Dust Tight||IP x7 - Protected Against Effects of Temporary lmmersion|
|IP x8 - Protected Against Continuous Immersion|
|IP x9 - Protected Against water with High Pressure/ Steam Jet Cleaning|
IP protection level cases
1. Home appliances are generally IP20. If there is no special requirement, IPX0 is usually market. The X in IPX0 indicates that the first one is not considered.
2. General indoor lamps are IP20; Dust resistance is level 2 (to prevent the entry of objects up to 12 mm) and is not waterproof.
3. Outdoor lamps are generally IP44. To prevent objects larger than 1 mm from entering and sprayed water from entering.
4. IP54 for indoor spaces with large moisture and dust, such as bathrooms, kitchens, and canopies.
5. IP65 for outdoor floodlighting.
6. IP67 for buried lamps, while ensuring good water dispersion in the soil at the bottom of the lamps.
7. Underwater decorative lamps IP68.
The protection level commonly used in electronic communication products are
IP 57 (This requires dust proof and short-term immersion in water will not be affected),
IP 65 (This requires dust proof and splash-proof),
IP 67 (This requires dust proof and short-term immersion in water will not be affected).
Whether IP 65 or IP 67 is used depends on the application and the different test standards. IP 67 is not always better than IP 65. Components that meet the IP 67 standard do not necessarily meet the IP 65 standard.
IP Water Test for Motor Vehicle
In the testing of auto parts and other products, the IP code waterproof test is used to verify the tightness of the product and provide the reliability basis for product quality. The most demanding waterproof test level in ISO16750, DIN40050, ISO20653 series is IPX9K, including the domestic automotive industry standard QC/T417.1-2001 automotive wire harness plug-in test.
The following mainly introduces IPX4 and IPX9K.
a. Pendulum tube splash water test
Test equipment and specimen placement:
Select the pendulum tube of the appropriate radius, so that the height of the sample table is in the position of the diameter of the pendulum tube, and place the specimen on the sample stage so that the distance from the top to the sample nozzle is not more than 200mm, and the sample stage does not rotate.
The water flow rate is calculated according to the number of water spray holes of the pendulum pipe, and each hole is 0.07 L/min; The water spray area is the water spray of the water spray hole in the 90° arc on each side of the midpoint of the pendulum tube to the sample. The test sample is placed in the center of the pendulum tube semicircle. The pendulum pipe swings 180° on each side of the perpendicular line, for a total of about 360°. Each swing (2×360°) is about 12s.
Test time: 10 min.
|Internal Dimensions (mm)||900*900*900||1400*1400*1400|
|Overall Dimensions (mm)||1120*1460*1660||1600*1950*2100|
|Interior Volume (L)||720||2740|
|Parameter||Drip tray size (mm)||600*600||900*900|
|Spraying Hole Diameter||φ0.4mm|
|Hole Spacing||50 mm|
|Swing Angle of Oscillating Tube||0 ~ ±180° (Adjustable）|
|Turntable Rotation Speed||1r/min (Adjustable)|
|Oscillating Tube Radius||400mm|
|Water Pressure Control||Flow meter||600mm|
|Structure||Controller||Programmable color LCD touch screen controller|
|Build-in Water Tank(mm)||Ethernet connection, PC Link, USB|
|View Window Size(mm)||475*475|
|Water supply system||Water tank, booster pump, Automatic water supply, Water purification system|
|Safety Device||Over-temperature Protection; Over-current Protection; Water Shortage Protection; Earth leakage Protection; Phase Sequence Protection|
b. Sprinkler type splash water test
Test equipment: handheld splash water test device.
The baffle with the balance weight installed on the equipment should be removed so that the parallel distance from the top of the test to the nozzle of the handheld nozzle is between 300mm and 500mm.
The baffle with a balanced weight should be installed during the test, and the water flow rate is 10L/min.
Test time: that is, calculated according to the surface area of the sample shell to be tested, each square meter is 1min (excluding the installation area) at least 5min.
High pressure injection test
|Internal Dimensions (mm)||1000*1200*1000|
|Overall Dimensions (mm)||1250*1700*2050|
|Interior Volume (L)||1200|
|Parameter||Water Spray Angle||0°, 30°, 60°, 90°|
|Water Spray Temperature||Ambient ~ +88℃ (Adjustable)|
|Spray Nozzle||Four, 30 Seconds each position|
|Distance from Water Spraying to Specimens||10~15cm|
|Water Pressure||8000-10000 Kpa (Adjustable)|
|Water Flow Rate||14L-16L/min|
|Testing Platform Speed||5±1 r.p.m|
|Testing Platform Height||200-400 nm (Adjustable)|
|Testing Platform Diameters||600mm|
Test equipment: the inner diameter of the nozzle is 12.5 mm;
water spray angle: 0°, 30°, 60°, 90° (4 positions);
Number of water spray holes: 4;
Sample stage speed: 5 ±1 r.p.m, distance is 100 ~150mm, 30 seconds per position; The flow rate is 14~16 L/min, the water spray pressure is 8000~10000kPa, and the water temperature is required to be 80±5 °C.
Test time: 30 seconds per position×4 120 seconds in total.
JIS D 0203 Moisture, Rain and Spray Test
JIS-D-0203 testing is an ingress protect test standard published by the Japanese Standards Association.
This automotive ingress protection testing standard applies to a number of parts. The scope of this IP Code testing specifies the methods of moisture resistance and waterproofness for automotive parts.
JIS D 0203 testing labs must put auto parts through a rigorous test plan that includes a variety of ingress protection tests. This testing of the waterproofness of enclosures includes the following tests.
R1 – Rain Test
This test investigates the function of the parts subjected to droplets. The duration of this test is 10 minutes. The water temperature is to be 32 degrees Celsius.
R2 – Rain Test
This ingress protection testing determines the function of the parts subjected to indirect wind and rain or spray. The duration of this test is 10 minutes. The water temperature is to be 60 degrees Celsius.
Spray testing is an ingress protection test using specific nozzles to spray water onto a unit from a certain distance and at a certain flow rate. JIS D 0203 testing labs must follow two testing protocols when completing spray testing.
S1 – Spray Test
The spray testing in this testing is to investigate the function of the parts subjected to direct wind and rain or spray. The duration of this test is 30 minutes. The flow of the water spray is 24.5 liters per minute minimum.
S2 – Spray Test
This spray testing is to investigate the function of the parts subjected to heavy water spray. The duration of this test is one hour. The flow of the water spray is 39.2 liters per minute minimum.
|Internal Dimensions (mm)||1000*1000*1000 D*W*H|
|Overall Dimensions (mm)||1100*1460*1900 D*W*H|
|Interior Volume (L)||1000|
|Parameter||Distance from Specimen to Nozzle||Approx.400mm|
|Rain Nozzle||2 holes|
|Rain Nozzle Hole||Φ0.5mm|
|R1 Water Flow Rate||1.9L/min.|
|R2 Water Flow Rate||3.3L/min.|
|Spray Nozzle||40 holes|
|Spray Nozzle Hole||Φ1.2mm|
|S1 Water Flow Rate||24.5L/min|
|S2 Water Flow Rate||39.2L/min|
|Water Pressure at Nozzle||0.03 ~ 0.30MPA|
|Turntable Rotation Speed||17r/min|
In summary, the test requirements of IPX0~IPX8 are basically equivalent to the IEC 60529 standard for household appliances. IPX4K, IPX6K and IPX9K are unique to the automotive industry.
LIB INDUSTRY can provide you with professional IP4K, IPX9K and other water resistance testing services according to IEC 60529,JIS D 0203, DIN40050-9, ISO20653, ISO16750 and other international standards.
Conduct us now about the testing chambers mentioned above.